Egg donation is currently prohibited in some European countries, meanwhile, in many cases, donor oocytes are absolutely necessary for a successful IVF cycle.
In Russia the law protects the right of any woman to become a mother through donation programs despite of her civil status and citizenship(see article 35 of the legal grounds of healthcare of the Russian Federation : ‘Any major woman of fertile age is entitled to the right to have an artificial insemination and have an embryo implanted. Artificial insemination and embryo implantation programs are carried out in specialized medical institutions who have obtained the state license allowing them to do the medical practice. All programs can be implemented with the woman’s written official consent only. All information concerning artificial insemination and embryo implantation constitutes a medical secret’.
Citizens of foreign countries wishing to take part in reproductive programs involving donor’s participation enjoy exactly the same rights as Russian citizens.
In the Family Code of the Russian Federation, it is also said that a woman can start this treatment being single and determine the child’s father later. The age limit still exists-from 18 and up to the end of fertility period(which is not strictly limited as in many countries). Under the age of fertility, the law means the age in which one is physically capable of bearing and delivering a child. However, today great achievements of medicine make this factor conventional in Russia.
Donors give their genetic material (sperm or oocytes) to other patients to treat infertility; of course, they don’t acquire any parental rights for future children. As it was mentioned before, written formal consent of all the parties involved is a must. The doctors require donor’s consent for hormonal stimulation and ovary puncture as well. Donation is anonymous; future parents receive a description of a donor from the clinic’s database, but without any photo. Alternatively, patients can take their own donor to the clinic.